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A5 Is Theft Always a Sin? A6 Is Theft a Mortal Sin?
On Fraud in Buying and Selling. On the Sin of InterestTaking. A3 Is Covetousness Contrary to Generosity? A7 Is Covetousness a Capital Sin? Obedience and Rebellion. A2 Is Obedience a Special Virtue? A3 Is Obedience the Greatest Virtue? On Legal Judgment. Tolerance and ChurchState Relations. Other Editions 6. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Locke , please sign up.
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Not enough people in the US even understand the theory underlying private property. This book will fill that educational gap to some degree.
John Locke was the father of Classical Liberalism, closer today to libertarianism than anything else. This contains his best known works and some of his letters. The first pages are a history lesson placing his works in context. The historical preface sets the stage for Locke's works. He worked in the protestant government and was forced into exile by the Catholics. He returned with the success of William III.
It's interesting to see the different writings over time and his evolution of thought. At first a strict monarchist he later moved to limited government, although he was always a monarchist and had total disdain for democracy. As a government employee writing potentially treasonous work he wrote much of his stuff under a pseudonym. So you have a man preaching limited government also writing the Carolina Constitution which established a landed nobility ruling over a legal serfdom. The only really consistency was his stance on religious tolerance, always in favor of tolerance and separation of church and state.
Locke spent an inordinate amount of time disputing the writings of Sir Robert Filmer, who had written a famous treatise espousing absolute monarchy based upon the fact that God had given Adam dominion over all men, so his descendants should have the same ability to rule uncontested. Locke focused heavily on this because he disagreed on many levels and because at the time many members of the Church were preaching Filmer's ideology to the masses. Locke is rightly credited with being a founding philosopher concerning religious tolerance, and his views on limited government are best taken in context of his times, not so much the current times as he wrote much on how the government was only legitimate if supported by the people but he still believed it should be led by a strong monarch, preferably hereditary.
Oct 03, Izzy H rated it liked it. I give this book only three stars for several reasons: 1. I read this book for school, meaning that I had several meaningful discussions and seminars about Locke's philosophy and how it relates both to history and current affairs. These discussions were probably the only interesting part about reading Locke.
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If I were reading this for p I give this book only three stars for several reasons: 1. If I were reading this for pleasure, I would have definitely given up. I didn't actually read the whole book. I mostly read from his Second Treatise of Government. Thus, he deserves a higher rating simply for the fact that he has written so much that can be discussed today and is still relevant to a point. Dec 06, Justin Holiman rated it really liked it.
Although I have fundamental issues with Locke's extension of the covenant to almost every aspect of life, I found his political rebellion theory to be fascinating. Understanding refers to goodness, and thus, knowledge and goodness are one. The philosopher kings have virtue as they have knowledge, and thus, according to Plato, their rule is justified.
Nevertheless, this argument is not persuasive or realistic in contemporary politics and the modern state, for a number of reasons. Therefore, all states have not only become supporters of the representative model of democracy, whereby voters determine who will represent them at governmental level, but have also adopted a pluralist attitude towards politics.
Ideally, these interest groups should have the necessary knowledge to bring about political change, but it is very hard to determine and quantify the necessary knowledge to bring about such change. Also, being a philosopher, and knowing about logic, ethics, metaphysics and political philosophy, does not necessarily make you an expert on the interests of the people. It is the people who, in theory, rulers are aiming to represent and support. Plato is obviously not concerned with a representative form of rule, but nowadays it is necessary, though difficult, to ensure that all the ruled are represented, at least to a certain extent, by their rulers.
Plato also argues that a specific education, available to few, will allow these few to become philosophers, but again this would create a ruling class that is not representative of the ruled. Take the members of the Chamber of Commons, many of whom have attended elite schools such as Eton and Oxford: they are not representative of the population, but are those running the United Kingdom. As Karl Popper argued, it is wrong to place political power in the hands of an elite.
Nevertheless, it is also unrealistic to claim that an elite does not exist today, as, for instance, there are always several main political parties who take turns running governments.
As Aristotle argued, man is a political animal and it is inevitable for us all, not just for an elite of old men, to be interested and have a say in politics, as it is a force which inevitably affects us all.
Related The Basic Political Writings (Second Edition) (Hackett Classics)
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