Among the more devastating explosives used in U.
Exploring the M16AI
When mixed with gasoline and included in incendiary bombs or flamethrowers, napalm could be propelled greater distances than gasoline and released large amounts of carbon monoxide when it exploded, poisoning the air and causing even greater damage than traditional bombs. Though the large-scale U. The M tank, with mounted machine guns, could travel up to 30 mph and was used to provide support for U.
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Armored personnel carriers such as the M transported troops and performed reconnaissance and support functions. A common artillery weapon, previously used in World War II, was the mm howitzer, which could be towed behind a truck or carried by helicopter and dropped into position. One of the most common infantry weapons used by U.
The gas-powered M could fire up to bullets in quick succession at a range of almost 2, yards, or at short range when fired from the shoulder. One drawback of the M was the heavy weight of its cartridge belts, which limited the ammunition that soldiers could carry. Its ammunition came in magazines of rounds, making it relatively easy to reload. Most of the weapons, uniforms and equipment used by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces were manufactured by the Soviet Union and China.
The portable, shoulder-fired SA-7 Grail missile was one of many anti-aircraft weapons extensively against American aircraft conducting bombing raids in North Vietnam. On the ground, the DP 7. It was extraordinarily durable, however, and was able to fire 7. In addition to Soviet- or Chinese-supplied arms, Communist forces also carried weapons captured from the French and the Japanese in earlier Indochina wars or used weapons made by hand in Vietnam.
In addition to rifles and machine guns, U. Mines were used to guard the perimeter around campsites; they could be triggered by trip wires or exploded manually. In terms of chemical weapons, U. Air Force planes sprayed more than 19 million gallons of herbicides over 4. The most commonly used defoliant, a mixture of herbicides containing the toxic dioxin and known as Agent Orange , was later revealed to cause serious health issues—including tumors, birth defects, rashes, psychological symptoms and cancer—among returning U.
For their part, North Vietnamese and particularly Viet Cong forces often used explosives captured from U. They also employed booby traps, including hidden bamboo maces or crossbows that could be triggered when soldiers stepped on a tripwire.
One particularly common menace was the punji stake trap, a bed of sharpened bamboo stakes that was concealed in a pit for enemy soldiers to stumble across. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.
Weapons of war: US military tries to adapt to unconventional warfare - features - Stripes
The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. Vietnamization was a strategy that aimed to reduce American involvement in the Vietnam War by transferring all military responsibilities to South Vietnam. The increasingly unpopular war had created deep rifts in American society. Maurice de Saxe: De Saxe, a marshal general of France, achieved his most important victory at the Battle of Fontenoy Vincent , ended the invasion threat posed by revolutionary France.
Francisco Pizarro: Spanish conquistador Pizarro led a small force that defeated 30, Inca warriors , conquered Peru and helped Spain gain control of most of South America. Shaka Zulu: The conquests of Shaka Zulu, founder of the Zulu Empire, were due to his military innovations in organization, training, weapons and tactics that led to the creation of a nearly invincible army by Geronimo: Geronimo, the famous Chiricahua Apache war leader, used guerrilla tactics to outfox the U.
Army for nearly 25 years in Arizona, New Mexico and northern Mexico, until his final capture Louis Botha: Botha was a Boer general who achieved stunning victories over much larger British forces at Colenso and Spion Kop His devastating guerrilla campaign lasted until the end of the Second Boer War. David Farragut: Farragut, the U. Nathan Bedford Forrest: Perhaps the greatest natural military genius of all the Civil War commanders, Forrest combined daring leadership with an uncanny ability to match winning tactics to any military situation.
Ulysses S. His tenacious Virginia Campaign led to the final defeat of Robert E. Thomas J. Robert E. Lee: Lee is an American military icon. Until his defeat at Gettysburg , his operational brilliance gave the Confederacy its greatest chance for Civil War victory. William T. It has often been cited as a precursor to the blitzkrieg warfare of a generation later. Ferdinand Foch: Although Foch earned his pre-World War I reputation as a tactician, his greatest contribution to Allied victory was as supreme commander of French, British and American forces His influential books on irregular warfare are still read today by those seeking insight on insurgencies.
Henri Petain: Petain was a master of defensive tactics. John J. Pershing: As American Expeditionary Force commander 19 , Pershing insisted that his 3 million-man army fight under U. Later, the Soviet commander was instrumental in the tactical fight that captured Berlin Dwight D. He rolled over France but was stopped at Moscow He achieved remarkable success in the Pacific Theater despite his inadequate supplies and limited numbers of troops and ships.
Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim: Mannerheim commanded the vastly outnumbered Finnish defense forces that defeated the initial Soviet invasion during the Winter War , and he fought the Continuation War against the U.
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He defeated Rommel at the turning-point Battle of El Alamein , commanded Allied ground forces at Normandy and then drove into the heart of Germany. George S. Patton Jr.
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Konstantin Rokossovsky: Rokossovsky was instrumental in the decisive Eastern Front victories at Moscow , Stalingrad and Kursk Some believe the Soviet marshal was better than Zhukov. His notable campaigns included France , North Africa and Normandy His leadership overcame monumental challenges — terrible terrain, miserable weather, supply shortages and an implacable enemy — to beat the Japanese in Burma Holland M.
Georgi Zhukov: Zhukov was the U. Moshe Dayan: Israeli commander Dayan served as chief of defense staff and as minister of defense. Harold G.
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Lewis B. Matthew B. There, he revitalized U. Mao Zedong: A successful leader against Nationalist Chinese and Japanese opponents , Mao Zedong was both a practitioner and a theorist of unconventional warfare. Winfield Scott, the longest-serving general in U. So too Gen.
Omar Bradley, U. The Japanese had ships, he had He is considered by many historians as being on par with Admiral Nelson. Missed Korean Admiral Yi-Sun Sin, the odds he faced were probably among the greatest in naval history.
A brief history of weaponry
You can make your own list. See below. His slicing and dicing of the Iraqi army during Desert Storm was worthy of mention. Joshua is a mythical figure that it is absurd to feature here. Google it.
Why should other people do YOUR research to back up your claim? A myth, indeed. Augustus does not deserve to be on that list. He was a brilliant politician, but a very very mediocre commander. Agrippa and also Antony while they were allied was the sole reason for his military success. Pompey Magnus and Pyyrhus deserve a spot. Would also like to add Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh from the war of Great list.
Made his own Tassigny line, and even defeated Giap on several occassions. Cancer and his eventual death, halted the French initiative he had gained, and his successors lost the war. Definitely a great, innovative, flexible, skilled and popular military leader who held commands, and fought with success in three different wars, in three different eras and with vastly different types of conflicts. Plus he also had some successful small scale engagements in the French colonies between the world wars.
Deserving a mention I would say:. Can any general defeat the biggest, strongest, and most powerful empire in the world at the medieval time, Mongolian Empire, for not just one but three time? If you missed him in the list, your list is a crap.
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