Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition)


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Illustrated with a Plan of the Operations. London, Printed for John Joseph Stockdale, Sabin, ; Alberich, Contemp cardboard binding. Auchmuty was born in New York, from a family of loyalists, was the son of the Rector of Trinity Church. This attack is part of a series of British incursions in South America in early Nineteenth century. Auchmuty's initial mission was to retake Buenos Aires, which had been briefly under British control. Held in check in his mission, he decides to attack near Montevideo, a city much less fortified than Buenos Aires. The book contains the narrative of the operations and the text of Auchmuty general order of declaring the victory.

An appendix gives Auchmutys version of the events, with the names of the British employed in the attack and those who were killed, the catches made at Montevideo and the related proceedings in Parliament. The engraved plan placed as a frontispiece shows the geographical area, with the delimitation of the movements of British troops. Par ceux de la Co[m]pagnie du nom de Iesus, depuis lan Lyons, Benoist Rigaud, Cordier Japonica, DAcosta's work is divided in four parts containing about forty letters of Eastern missionaries written between and , mostly concerning Japan.

Other letters discuss in detail the religion and government of Japan, as well as the missionaries' way of instructing and converting the Japanese. Historia naturale, e morale delle Indie; scritta dal R. Novamente tradotta della lingua Spagnola nella Italiana da Gio. Paolo Galucci Salodiano Academico Veneto. Petite mouillure d'angle interne sur les tous premiers ff.

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Il sagit du premier travail important sur les Indes occidentales : le Nouveau Monde. JCB I, p. Antique full vellum, ink title. Acosta was one of the first Europeans to provide a detailed image of the physical and human geography of Latin America; his studies of the Indian civilizations of the New World were a major source of information for several centuries. He may, indeed, be called the first of the true Americanists. Relation dun voyage dexploration au nord-est de la colonie du Cap de Bonne Esperance, entrepris dans les mois de mars, avril et mai Paris, Arthus Bertrand, First edition of this account of a journey undertaken north-east of the colony of the Cape.

The work is illustrated with a fold. Thomas Arbousset converted into contact with a blind neighbor to whom he read the Bible, missionary accounts and stories of persecution suffered by their Huguenot ancestors. It was during these readings that he decided to become a missionary. The Society of Evangelical Missions sent him to Lesotho where he stayed for twenty-seven years.


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Following his journey in , he published, in Paris in , this poignant account of what he discovered in these "wild and unknown lands", as he defines them himself. Paris, Les Belles Lettres, Exemplaire de l'imprimeur cachet imprimeur rouge sur la page de garde. Beatrice Banning Ayers - married General Patton in She was bilingual French and translated many manuals of the French army into English.

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She traveled in the United States during the Second World War by collecting money during mandatory collections. After the death of her husband in , Mrs. Patton became an energetic and very persuasive speaker. She also had a good pen, and published 3 books including this book on the legends of Hawaii based on a rich bibliography. Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, Contempoary vellum. First edition due to Hondius. Copy from the collection of three generations of French cartographers. The book contains 4 maps of the world and 15 relating to the Americas.

Histoire de la Premiere Descouverte et Conqueste des Canaries. Faite des l'an per Messire Jean de Bethencourt. Paris, Michel Soly, Le tout receuilly de divers. Borba de Moraes I, p. Jean de Bethencourt's portrait by Balthasar Moncornet. Original velum. Fine copy of this scarce Americana, complete with the 2 parts and portrait, only edition of the very first French publication dealing with the history of maritime explorations. The texts of the first part were compiled by Pierre Bergeron: it's a very complete history of world exploration at the age of discovery, concentrated on French' voyages, including Jacques Cartier du Mont, Lescarbot, Poutrincourt, Champlain With an amazing portrait.

A Paris, Chez H. Delatour, Title in red and black. Contemporary full calf. First edition of this important treatise with a detailled list of the all day and night signals used in Navy. Fresh copy in a fine contemporary binding. Polak - Scott - Brunet VI, First edition of this important work which lists in detail all the night and day signals used in the navy. Before publishing it, Bigot de Morogues used his manuscript for a few years to instruct the naval guards of Brest.

He then went to the navy in , served on the "Bourbon", and became captain in In , he commands the "Magnifique", forming the rear guard of the squadron of the marshal of Confians destined for a landing in Scotland, and supports alone, November 20, day of the battle of Quiberon, the shock of three English ships. His solid knowledge of both the artillery and the navy has made him think several times about the ministry of the navy; but this nomination never succeeds.

Appointed Inspector of Marine Artillery in , he ended his life on his land. His abilities enabled him to compose practical works of clear design and exposition, which for a long time were authoritative; he is also at the origin of the Academy of Marine formed definitively in , and of which he was the first director. The work is divided in two parts: the first deals with naval evolutions and the second general signals and orders by day, by night, by fog that a naval army must know and execute.

Impressed by the formalism of European naval tactics, the work is characteristic of the technical fights of the time. As a result of a desire for prudence, we wanted to avoid random overflow maneuvers. Attempts to concentrate on the opposing fleet are becoming increasingly rare, and rigidity of the line and discipline of fire is imposed.

The battles can be summed up in endless evolutions to take advantage of the wind, followed by a barren cannonade between two parallel lines. This formalism reigns especially in France since the treaty of of Father Hoste, but also in Spain and, to a lesser extent, in England. It leads to a strategic deviation, the "non-battle" which contributes to developing the passivity of the officers.

One of the rare copies printed on large paper, very fresh. Ecrit en Anglais par M. Faux-titre, Titre , xvi pp. Salissures marginales aux premiers et derniers feuillets. EO anglaise, , Londres. Ils rejoignent Tahiti le 26 octobre Ils rejoignent Tofoe, puis, durant quarante-huit jours, ils font route vers Timor. Contemp sheep. First French edition of Bligh's own account of the mutiny on the Bounty, the most notorious incident in maritime history. This publication predates Bligh's full account of the voyage by two years. Bligh was anxious to have an account of the mutiny itself available to safeguard his own reputation and in order to present copies to the Lords of the Admiralty before the court-martial of the mutineers, to absolve him from blame.

Le bateau prit des passagers jusquau Portugal, fit escale en Afrique pour atteindre Valparaiso le 19 octobre Contemporary cloth binding. Spirited narrative by Gaston Boite, French emigrant to Chile in the beginning of the 20th century. The journey from France to South America still was an adventure, for the crossing and the installation and this log gives a vivid picture of it.

A fascinating story by Gaston Boite, a French emigrant who left La Rochelle for Chile at the beginning of the 20th century. At the beginning of the century, traveling to Chile was still truly adventurous both in crossing and settling in the country, and this newspaper gives a vision that is both lively, colorful and detailed.

The first part is devoted to the journey: Gaston Boite retraces the stops by focusing on different atmospheres, depicts the landscapes and living conditions on board, reports the flow of passengers and goods, in a painting where the scenes are mixed more or less incredible on board and in the ports, including scenes of sale on the sly, and more precise elements on the prices of the various goods and the nationalities and social backgrounds of the passengers, all forming a precious testimony on these crossings at the beginning of the century.

La table en annonce 35 cartes et plans. Charming little maritime atlas fully engraved, giving the coast of France and many fortified ports. Allegorical title designed by Monnet engraved by Legrand. The table announces 35 cards and plans. Beautiful copy bound in red morocco. Par M. Bossu, Capitaine dans les troupes de la Marine.

Half marbled sheep. Second edition of primary interest for Louisiana, Alabama, and Illinois. Bossu, a captain in the French Navy, was the first to write about Louisiana in detail and based on personal experience. The work is actually a collection of 21 letters he wrote during his first two voyages to the country, in and Sabin I find no record of the first edition. Bossu arrived in New Orleans a few years after its founding, and only eighty years after La Salle came down the Mississippi.

This collection of letters, revealing many vivid personal and secondhand recollections, gives a fascinating portrait of life and travels in that vast area. Paris, Presentation copy. First edition of this founding text of the prehistoric science, due to Jacques Boucher de Perthes , pronounced during the session of June 7th, of the Imperial Society of emulation.

The work is illustrated with two plates representing tools: "Probably out of axes and other tools of antediluvian flints" and a geological section: "reduced cut of the Menchecourt ground near Abbeville" lithographed in the text. With his theory of the existence of an antediluvian man, the author attracts the wrath of the scientific community. It was not until and the discoveries of Henry Testot Ferry that scientists began to realize the importance of Boucher de Pertheswork, unfortunately very shortly before his death.

Nice copy in its publisher cover. Provenance: Mr Cornuau, prefect of the Somme handwriting of the author. Published at a few copies. Rare on the market. Elle est due au navigateur Edmond Bigot de la Touanne, au naturaliste Lesson. Ferguson II, Paquet, fat spines gilt-lettered, blind-stamped anchor tools. Provenance: Lieutenant Commander H. Paquet binding. First edition of this nicely illustrated work on the French circumnavigation under command of Baron De Bougainville, son of the greatexplorer Louis de Bougainville. The lithographed views were made by Bichebois,Sabatier, and Bayot after designs by E.

The fine colour-printed engraved plates by H. Bessa, show plants and animals, including a curious case of Siamese twins, theAustralian kangaroo, two beautiful plates of the Australian parrot, and a finecolour-plate with butterflies. The double-page maps and plates were all engravedby Amboise Tardieu, mostly after designs by E. Berlin, Paris, Ch. Jombert, Bel exemplaire, frais. Rare treaty on the construction of dikes by Mr.

Bourdet - , French engineer and hydraulician of the Royal Academy of Architecture of Paris, who practiced especially in Germany. The book is dedicated to Count Othon of Podexils - , Prussian ambassador. From time immemorial, man has sought to retain water, divert it, or protect itself from it, whether it is to sail, to increase agricultural surfaces or to build, to use the driving force of water. This work deals with the issues of interest of dykes, reasons of their construction, repairs in case of breakage, disadvantages and benefits for humans other than saving lives, all these topics are detailed in 19 chapters with the support of 9 plates of diagrams of a great precision.

Provenance: Bramshill ex-libris emblazoned on the back of the 1st dish. Nice copy, fresh. Avec introduction et notes. Cependant, peu de journaux de corsaires sont connus. Il dresse des cartes des rades quil visite. Their "catches" bring considerable sums of money to the treasure of the crown, and the names of several French corsairs remain famous. However, few privateers' journals are known.

Lawrence in Canada on behalf of of the Company of New France. Thus begins his long career at sea of forty-eight years. Recognized as an excellent pilot, he is the privileged witness of the whole maritime history of the time of Louis XIV. He remains, with Duguay Trouin, the most prolific corsaire, having left memories written with care and meticulousness.

Here is an overview of his feats of arms as captain corsair: In , Jean Doublet takes command of a frigate corsair from Granville, the "Jeune Homme" barrels, 16 guns and 25 men , then the ton corsair frigate of Saint-Malo, the "Comte de Revel", with which he captured an English coastguard of barrels and 40 guns.

In he was captured by the British in the Channel and remained a prisoner for three and a half months in Plymouth. In , he commanded the St. He draws maps of the places he visits. On April 22, , he returned to Port-Louis with a booty of , piastres of gold and silver!


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  6. Jean Doublet then retired in Honfleur, occupying his last years in the drafting of his journal. Like Duguay Trouin, he writes his memoirs for his family and his friends who want to know his sea adventures. The corsair's diary is accompanied by an introduction, a family tree, a series of pieces and documents and a table of names and vessels cited. L'Egypte et la Syrie ou moeurs, usages, costumes et monumens des Egyptiens, des Arabes et des Syriens. Paris, Nepveu, Breton a produit des travaux similaires sur la Chine et la Russie.

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    Blackmer ; Brunet I; Atabey First edition, beautifully bound and in period colors with heightened gold, of this book dedicated to Egypt and the Middle East. A major actor in court reporting in France, co-founder and manager of the Gazette des Tribunaux, he knows almost all the languages of Europe English, German, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, Italian. He was thus the ideal man to carry out the work entrusted to him by the publisher Nepveu, a bookseller passionate about travel. Breton has produced similar works on China and Russia.

    He yielded to Breton not only information, but also unpublished drawings he had himself made during his journey and that Breton adds those of Luigi Mayer published in England. In his preface, Breton praises the success of the French in Egypt "where the French name has left such beautiful memories. The iconography consists of 84 plates with an important ethnographic part: inhabitants of all social categories, scenes of life, crafts, objects, furniture, weapons, musical instruments and views of monuments, cities and landscapes of the Holy Land and from Egypt.

    The double page plates are mostly reduced versions of Mayer's Egypt. The set is in period colors with especially fresh. Superb copy. Paris, Durand, First Edition of this important work by Charles de Brosses , considered as one of the major works dealing with the first voyages in the Pacific, intended to stimulate French exploration and colonization of the South Seas. This publication is the major work of Brosses, French magistrate, historian, linguist and writer.

    In the eighteenth century, "Terres Australes" does not refer only to the glacial continents of the Arctic and Antarctic, but refers to a larger and more indefinite region of the southern hemisphere from the Cape of Good- Hope to the Strait of Magellan via the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific, three distinct regions that the author names respectively: Australasia, Polynesia and Magellania this last name based on the belief in existence from a continent beyond the tip of South America.

    The book contains the story of all journeys to the south, starting with the second Vespucci expedition from to , including trips to Magellan, Drake, Schouten, Tasman The text was later used as base for Callander's highly influential "Terra Australis Cognita" of in this form it had much to do with British plans for colonial expansion through transportation. Brosses suggests that France should colonize Australia thus virtually predicting its ultimate destiny! The text is illustrated with 7 maps by Robert de Vaugondy, which gives the geographical representation of the mid-eighteenth century world.

    The first represent the whole of the southern hemisphere with Australia in center. Broughton arriva en Inde en , comme Cadet de lEtablissement du Bengale. Bel exemplaire, coloris frais. Original card-board bindings. First French edition. Broughton first arrived in India in as a cadet on the Bengal establishment. Following the siege of Seringapatam in , in which he was actively engaged, he was appointed commandant of the cadet corps.

    At the time he wrote the present work he was military resident with the Mahrattas. His book is dedicated to the Marquis of Wellesley, "the acute detector of Mahratta wiles, the firm repeller of their insolent pretensions, and the formidable barrier to their ambitious projects; their vigorous opponent in time of war, and their generous pacificator in the hour of victory. Abbey, Travel, ; Tooley, ; Colas, Paris, Imprimerie Royale, Faux-titre, Titre , pp. Dans cet ouvrage technique, il aborde les questions du lestage et donne la comparaison du poids de la charge et du poids de la coque.

    L'illustration se compose de 6 planches : 1. Plan du lest de fer d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Premier plan de futailles d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Second plan de futailles d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Plan de la Coupe Verticale-longitudunale d'un Vaisseau de 74 Canons. Full calf binding with the guilted arms of France. First and only edition of this scarce treatise by Burgues de Missiessy At the beginning of his brilliant carrier as a sea officer he was Vice Amiral in the French Navy in , he served under Admiral d'Estaing during his campaigns in the American Revolutionary War.

    He also was Directeur of the French shipbuilding school. The present book was printed by order of the Governement. Superb copy of this rare work, printed on a special heavy velum paper with the binging of the king Louis the XVIth. Jomard, membre de linstitut. T, T et 1 portrait frontispice de l'auteur , XII, pp.

    Catalogue ; [4], , [2] pp. Gay, Publisher covers. Original edition of this scarce account. Rene Caillie was presented with the Legion of Honor as the first European to return alive from Timbuktu. Then he went to the mysterious city, saw something of its real character, and crossed the Sahara to Morocco, reaching the west coast of Fez. For this journey he was rewarded by the Geographical Society of Paris" Baker. Fx-titre, frontispice, titre , pp. Provenance : Alexandre Emmanuel Louis de Bauffremont-Courtenay , prince de Bauffremont et du Saint-Empire, marquis de Bauffremont et de Listenois, comte de l'Empire , pair de France , premier duc de Bauffremont , chevalier de lordre royal et militaire de Saint-Louis.

    Contemporary half-sheep. Armorial ex-libris. First edition of this beautiful work richly illustrated with detailed hand-colored full-page engravings depicting scenes, Ottomans costumes, portraits, weapons, tools, musical instruments etc. Castellan gives an elaborate account of the history, emperors, people, religion, arts and professions, richly illustrated.

    The French publisher Nepveu published a series of books with similar descriptions of different countries and regions of the world. Fine copy of a prestigious provenance. Paris, Le Rouge, Millard, Second edition in French. In this set of drawings made on site, Chambers aims to stop the "extravagant productions A Chapter is devoted to the distribution of Chinese gardens. A first edition containing only 19 p.

    Vial du Clairbois. A Brest, Chez R. Il en prend la direction sur ordre du roi Gustave III qui l'anoblit en Il construira au total 24 vaisseaux de ligne. French edition translated from the Swedish, of one of the most famous naval architecture treatises produced in the 18th century. Copy with 80 pages of notes and handwritten addendum diagrams in English.

    In the 18th century, naval architecture is the equivalent of what will be the 20th aerospace industry. However, in it remains an empirical art based on the knowledge and the eye of some exceptional master carpenters: most military and merchant ships are built without a specific plan, based on simple sketches and arsenal models. Duhamel Du Monceau's work "Elements darchitecture navale" published in , is a revolution. It addresses shipbuilding for the first time in a scientific way and accessible to all. From then, the civil and military shipyards adopt a rational work based on the physical and mathematical sciences and perfectly established plans.

    This work by Sweden Frederick Henry of Chapman, appeared for the first time in Translated into several languages, he will not know an edition in English until Smith, Cambridge. This treatise is the work of a sailor who knew perfectly the construction of the vessels. At the age of 15, he left for Stockholm to learn the art of shipbuilding. With a partner he opened a shipyard in Gothenburg from This did not prevent him from traveling a lot and even being briefly arrested in , when he visited an English shipyard without authorization.

    In he took the mathematics classes of English Thomas Simpson He will thus use Simpson's method numerical calculation of an integral to determine mathematically the different characteristics of a ship volumes, surfaces, center of gravity He was then relieving the Swedish fleet, which had fallen somewhat into decay. He built a total of 24 ships. Appointed Vice Admiral in , he ceased his activity in , when he was 72 years old.

    The work is divided into IX chapters dealing with every aspect of the construction: displacement, stability, center of gravity, resistance, sails, proportions of buildings and rigging, and construction practice. It is illustrated with 8 out-of-text tables and 11 out-of-text plates, including 3 folding cutaway schematics.

    Copy used by a British construction site: it is riddled with forty sheets of manuscripts in ink of additions and notes, diagrams, tables of calculation as well as annotations in the margins, all written in English. Thus, while an English edition was available from , some British architects continued to use the present copy and supplemented it with large manuscript additions. Il sinstalle en Angleterre et se marie. Dirk Van der Cruysse: "Chardin le Persan". First edition of of the first volume of Chardin's manuscript. Born in Paris in a Huguenot Protestant family, Jean Chardin undertook his travels to Persia because of his father's position as a jeweller and shareholder in the French East India Company.

    Soon after his arrival in Persia, he received a commission to create jewellery for Shah Abbas II, who died in and was succeeded by Shah Safi. After witnessing the latter's coronation, Chardin went on India and finally returned to Paris in In , he published an account of the coronation and in the same year set off for Persia again, arriving in Isfahan in and remaining there for several years, before once more visiting India and returning home in With the persecution of the Huguenots in France, he moved to England in This first edition deals with the period , which appeared in and was followed by several counterfeit editions.

    The complete set of his works was published only in in Paris, but was incomplete of several passages cut by the editor who found them anti-papists! Chardin enjoys the reputation of being one of the best-informed European observers of Safavid Persia. The plates in Chardin's work are said to be after the artist Guillaume Grelot; they include illustrations of Tiflis, Erivan, Kashan, Kom and a large folding map of the Black Sea. A valuable work, highly praised by Montesquieu, Rousseau etc.

    Scarce original edition of this treaty by naval Lieutenant Chopart, which was animated by the desire to disseminate to all officers of the Navy knowledge inherent in the maneuvers of the Fleet, deficiencies considered disastrous by Chopart since it existed at the time only a manual on board the ships, the "Tactic", intended for the captain alone.

    Provenance: Jacques Lapierre, navy officer handwritten dedication by the author. A Dunkerque, le 22 septembre These plan was made by this officer when English and Dutch fleets attacked the city in They were repelled by Jean Bart in a battle which is considered as the last victory of the famous sailor. Some marks of folding, and the title on the verso of the document show it was either classify with military papers, or send to the authorities. Drawn by a professionnel on the first day of the attack, it shows many accurate details, offers the position of both fleets, with the name and place of both ships and batteries.

    Up on the right, a table gives the explanation for the depicted elements: kind of ships, batteries, fortifications. The attack was repelled. Rare and precious historical document, depicting the last victory of the famous French corsair. Frankfurt, Johann Peter Zubrodt, Choulant-Frank, pp. Ancient vellum. First edition of the first illustrated work on Chinese medicine published in Europe.

    These Latin translations of a late medieval version of the Mo cheh Instructions relating to the pulse and other short texts were the work of the Polish Jesuit Michael Boym They were published, with no mention of Boym, by Andreas Cleyer , a physician with the Dutch East India Company who served in Java in the s and later in Japan. The only earlier printed Western work on Chinese medicine was a short unillustrated collection of Jesuit translations of similar Chinese works entitled Secrets de la medicine chinoise Grenoble The texts translated here, of which several are by Vam Xo Ho or Wang Shu-ho , deal primarily with theories relating to the pulse, and the closely related subject of acupuncture is discussed extensively.

    One chapter gives remedies for various types of disorders of the pulse, while the chapter on materia medica lists and describes plants, with phonetic transcriptions of their Chinese names, and their Latin names where the plants have been identified. The final section contains 36 descriptions of various pathological symptoms as manifested in the appearance of the tongue, illustrated by woodcuts of the tongue with captions describing localized discoloration, etc.

    The curious engravings, copied from a Chinese source, probably Chang Chieh-Pin's Lei ching include several anatomical engravings of organs as well as the first acupuncture charts published in the West; unfortunately, these were dubbed 'anatomical' by Western writers, causing much confusion and misguided criticism.

    A portion of Boym's translation of the section on the pulse was abridged and paraphrased in English in the second volume of John Floyer's Physician's pulse-watch Floyer, presumably influenced by Chinese theory, was the first European physician to advocate regular observations of the pulse.

    Paris: Claude Barbin et Christophe Ballard, Sabin Streit II, Palau Artents Add. JCB II, See also Church re. First French edition, translated from the original Italian , Venise , of the first biography of Christopher Columbus, by one of his contemporaries who knew him best, his portside son, Ferdinand. Henry Vignaud, severe critic of the origins of the so-called Columbus Legend, judged it to be "the most important of our sources of information on the life of the discoverer of America," and Washington Irving honored it as "the corner-stone of the history of the American continent.

    Rutgers University Press , - calls it "a work of great authority," and continues: "Ferdinand's Historie is more than a rich and faithful source of information about Columbus. It is also a moving personal document that vividly re-creates the moral and intellectual atmosphere of Columbus's world and the swirling passions of which he was the center. It is in large part a straightforward narrative of action.

    He wrote, therefore, from participation, from verbal narrative from his father's lips concerning the other voyages, and from unique access to his father's papers. That the first edition of the Historie was not published till more than thirty years after its author's death, and in Italian rather than the Spanish in which it was written, is accounted for in this passage from Admiral Samuel Eliot Morison's life of Columbus The manuscript, which has since disappeared, was taken by D. Luis Colon, the Admiral's grandson, to Italy in , before any Spanish edition had been printed; and the sole surviving text is an Italian translation by Alfonso Ulloa printed at Venice in He sold the manuscript of Ferdinand's Historie to a wealthy Genoese physician, Baliano de Formari, who underwrote the translation and publication, and to whom the work is dedicated.

    Parenthetically, in the past century doubt of Ferdinand's authorship was cast by the able Americanist, Henry Harrisse, on the basis of evidence which seemed impressive at the time. Discovery of subsequent evidence strongly tends to refute Harrisse's conclusion and demonstrates the pitfalls of bibliographical conjecture, even when made by experts. When Ferdinand Columbus born in was a young boy he became a page to the Spanish heir apparent, Prince Juan, and later to the Prince's mother, Queen Isabella.

    At thirteen, in , he went to America with his father, and again, in , with his elder brother, Diego, who was Governor of Hispaniola Espafiola. Thereafter, he traveled widely in Europe, served the Spanish government with his knowledge of the colonies and of geography, and acted as Diego's legal adviser in the latter's disputes with the Crown over the rights of the heirs of the Discoverer.

    It is likely that his Historic based in part upon documents gathered to present his case, grew naturally out of this litigation. Ferdinand's share of his father's estate included the income from the labor of slaves in Hispaniola, which, along with several royal sinecures, made him a wealthy man. Much of his money he spent for books and manuscripts and collecting became his most important pursuit. His library of more than 15, volumes was bequeathed to the cathedral chapter of Seville. Because of centuries of neglect the collection has shrunk to about 2, volumes, but the Bibliotheca Colombina, as it is known, nevertheless remains one of the great treasure-houses of books.

    L'ecole du jardin potager.


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    Contenant la description exacte de toutes les plantes potageres [ Paris, Didot le jeune, Delalain, Il meurt sans doute vers New expanded edition of this reference book on gardening by the French agronomist and writer Charles-Jean de Combles Born in Lyon he published several treatises on his favorite pastime he developed in Naples: gardening. Later, he starts publishing historical and erotic books. This work gives explanations of all that is good to know to practice gardening: "the vegetable plants, their culture, the lands, their situation, the climates, the different ways of multiplying them, the time to collect their seeds, their duration, and so on The school of the vegetable garden is considered as his most successful work.

    Contemporary half sheep. Second edition of this account of the Meduses shipwreck. Half morroco. Paris, Crapelet, Publisher rappers. Interesting description of London and and its inhabitants, inspired by English authors such as: Fitzstephen, Maitland or Clarendon ink. This book is a picturesque account of the English capital, its monuments and its economy, its quality of life, the mentality of the English at that time and especially the atmosphere that reigned there at two different periods.

    The work includes 12 plates illustrating the capital and a folding map in-fine. Paris, Etienne Michallet, First edition of this important history of the Jesuit mission in Japan from the arrival of St. Francis Xavier in to the 's. The author, the Jesuit Jean Crasset , also includes information on Japanese politics and events of the Sengoku and early Tokugawa eras. Jersey, Ile Agricole Anglo-normande. Etude de sociographie. Examen de la Posibilidad de fixar la significacion de los Sinonimos de la Lengua Castellana.

    Valencia, Jose Estevan, Fourth edition, first published in , providing synonyms and antonyms in Catalan, arranged by word pairs.

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    Contemporary marbled sheep, spine gilt. Provenance: J. Guardia signature. Manuscrites et 15 ff. Brown ink on blue paper: 1 vo. Evoking testimony of the life of a young Frenchwoman under the first empire, consisting of an essay on universal history and notes of her current expenses for her "toilette" for twelve years, all written in brown ink on a beautiful blue paper and kept in the original cardboard made by the young lady.

    The first notebook begins with a letter of good year that Caroline addresses to the person in charge of her education, her emotion and enthusiasm about her studies is striking: "Madam, the recognition will never be erased from my heart. In vain will years accumulate, I will not forget this happy time you took so much care of my education, Ha! Madam, this day that begins my life is for me the happiest of my life The student gathered in this notebook, intended for her teacher, her knowledge of universal history before and after the Flood to Alexander : "I will not be able to start this work of history more happily than by dedicating it to you: The interest you have always taken in my advancement in this science is a guarantee to me that you will accept this feeble attempt of one of your pupils.

    Then start her essay on history: Adam, Moses, Solomon, the Persians, Assyrians, Nebuchadnezzar, Babylon, Balthazar, Cyrius, the Greeks and finally a chapter on the "Kingdom of the Egyptians", whose "foundation dates back to the 1 year since the creation world The second notebook consists of a memoir of accounts held by Caroline Deroche August 8, to March , very informative document on the "toilette" of a young French years ago.

    January 1 handkerchief from Madras, 1 Nanjing robe, 1 pair of skin gloves, whitewashed lace and stockings, bought paper from feathers and wax From January , caroline indicates sums received and their provenance: "" received in money from the sale of sheep. Total of what I received this year: 95 f. And in received 20 f from the farm of the small meadow, received the price of the sheet of murres These receipts indicate that the young woman has her own income from the sale of farm production that she owns. Documents of historical interest on the education and life of a young woman of the time.

    Amiens et Paris, Godart, Ganeau, In this book, Nicolas Desmarest , a French geographer, goes on about the junction between England and France. To allow the reader to follow his reasoning, he joins a chart of the coast and a remarkably accurate topographic map of the bottom of the Channel Sea and the German Sea, itself drawn by Philippe Buache.

    Paris, Desnos, Ex-libris sur cuir "Jacques Lacour Gayet". Il tenait une boutique rue Saint-Jacques, au Globe. Il travailla avec les plus importants cartographes de son temps et collabora souvent avec Brion de la Tour. Full red morocco period, back with ornate nerves, gilded arms. First edition of this chorographic atlas by Louis Charles Desnos This Parisian engineer, geographer and bookseller was named "geographer for the globes and spheres of His Danish Majesty" for the King of Denmark.

    He ran a shop on Rue Saint-Jacques. However, he spent most of his life as a globe maker and map publisher in Paris. He worked with the most important cartographers of his time and often collaborated with Brion de la Tour. In this work, Desnos describes the "Parishes and fires, the position of towns, villages, hamlets and abbeys, woods, meadows, mountains, ponds Great copy, well preserved red morocco period. Tableau analytique de la France []. Le travail de gravure encadrements des cartes Phillips , Tooley's dictionary of mapmakers. Fine set bound together of these 3 cartographic publications.

    Louis Brion de la Tour was the King's hydrographer-engineer, active from to his death in , then he served the old and new regimes. His maps shows the state of the French roads before the Revolution; they are very detailed and precise. This important set of geographical, topographical, administrative and maritime works by cartographers Rizzi Zannoni , geographer of the city of Venice, head hydrographer of the Navy depot , Michel by L.

    Brion de la Tour and Louis-Charles Desnos , geography engineer for Globes and Spheres gives the situation of France at the end of the old regime. The engraving work map frames Provenance: unidentified armored ex-libris. Very fresh copy in period condition. Paris, Librairie orientaliste Paul Gueuthner, Publisher binding. First edition of this remarkable work devoted to music and musical instruments of the Incas. This work, due to the couple of musicologist M, and Mrs. The complete bibliography that completes the book makes it possible to realize that this is the first overall work on South American Indian music, the first synthesis on an indigenous art that until then had not retained the attention of ethnologists.

    The study of Incaic music forms the center of the present work, their research extending to a much larger field including Mexico, Central America and all South American regions on which documents remain. The first part, which deals with the instruments used both in the pre-Columbian period and since the discovery, is an ethnographic study that encompasses the entire New World. It is composed of a series of real monographs including a technical and very detailed description of each instrument, the study of its distribution in the whole of America.

    Thus, bells and noisemakers, drums and xylophones, trumpet, syrinx, vertical flute and flageolet, whistles and ocarinas and stringed instruments were successively reviewed. The second part of the book is entirely devoted to the festivals and dances of ancient Peru and Mexico. The third chapter deals with Indian music and especially Peruvian music from a technical point of view.

    There are melodies recorded, mostly noted on the spot or collected from people native of South America. The authors thus manage to distinguish what is truly Indian from what has undergone European influence, the pre-Columbian music of mixed music. There is another chapter on Incasic poetry, and another on singers and instrumentalists. The set includes a superb album of 39 collotype plates, many in color. Fine copy, very fresh. Douglas Esqr. Commr de quitter le Little Nore. Manuscript on paper. Card board binding. Original manuscript log from a Mediterranean voyage of H. It includes tables in what appear to be two different hands, one being Captain Douglas's, the other possibly in the hand of one of his officers.

    Commr from leaving the Little Nore. Sept to the [title unfinished]', signed 'J. Douglas conducted the King on his first voyage aboard a warship, and on 13 September King George appointed Douglas a knight bachelor. Douglas' manuscript opens on 18 July with an account of his receiving on that day the commission to command the Southampton. Confutation de l'invention des longitudes ou de la mecometrie de l'eymant. Cy devant mise en lumiere souz le nom de Guillaume le nautonnier. Car encore quil ait cinq cent sieurs de Champlain observant en cinq cent endroits de la terre, et que toutes leurs observations conviennent avec la mecometrie, je ne veux que deux ou trois petites observations contraires pour ruiner tout.

    Later vellum. Just printed, his work was used by Samuel de Champlain circa during his first expedition of for his cartographic work of New France. In , Dounot published his " Confutation de l'invention des longitudes", a very well-argued criticism of Dounot's work, which he accuses of not demonstrating his claims and rejecting them as false.

    Mercator was the first in the sixteenth century to attempt to determine longitude by measuring it. In parallel, the British doctor William Gilbert establishes the tables of this declination. Nautonnier's work is one of the first to speculate on the link between the longitude and the declination of the magnet. He defends the idea of two fixed magnetic poles, towards which the needle of the magnets is oriented permanently.

    Dounot, mathematics teacher in Paris and friend of Descartes, criticizes here Nautonniers theory on geomagnetism. Repeating and refuting point by point his theories and referring to the observations of navigators including those made made in St Helena, Tristan de Concha and Canton in China. Finally, he devotes his last chapter to the criticism of Samuel Champlain's observations in New France using the mecrometry, not without some humor: "That the Sieur de Castel-Franc wanted to conclude universally for all the earth, my previous demonstrations will prevent it. For although he has five hundred Sieurs de Champlain observing in five hundred places of the earth, and all their observations agree with the mecometrie, I want only two or three small contrary observations to ruin everything.

    And that he says as long as he wants a swallow does not make spring, it only takes a particular induction to destroy a universal proposition. But I would like to know what certainty Sieur Champlain may have that a longitude observed by mecometrie in New France will be true? Will he not have found in Canada some Ptolemy manuscript, which contain the longitudes of the place?. La description du royaume de Juda et quelques particularitez touchant la vie du Roy regnant. Paris, Jombert, Ile de la pierre Blanche. Bel exemplaire dans sa reliure d'origine.

    Sabin , ; The Huth Library, p. De titre reproduite ; CRLV f. Rare first edition the following are from and of this precious relation of a journey made between and These trips, that author gives us the account, are constant comings and goings between continents : taken prisoner by the English, he is forced to visit parts of Black Africa. Released, he returns to America and seeks to participate in military events. His stories are anecdotes often full of interest and sometimes funny see: p. Buenos Aires, I did not find them jealous like the others, and they even used French enough with regard to their wives, to whom we went to visit with a lot of freedom, and without them finding it bad.

    It seems that some air of Paris has passed into this country, and that it has expelled the Spanish jealousy List of countries crossed: South America. White Stone Island. Fine copy, in its original binding. Polak, Engraved frontispiece, 24 plates. Contemporary full marbled calf. First edition of this standard work on naval architecture.

    Duhamel du Monceau founded the school for students of naval engineering and architecture at the Louvre. This work was intended for the training of the students at his school. He was appointed inspector-general of the French navy in and opened his school in This treatise was very successful and a second edition appears in Fine copy, with many contemporary annotations in brown ink in the margins proving its use by a professional.

    Chadenat, Colored plates. First French translation of one of the first exhaustive works on the kingdom of Kabul, now known as Afghanistan, written by a British official, Mountstuart Elphinstone The work gives a good impression of Afghan society at the beginning of the nineteenth century, a time Afghanistan was still virtually unknown in Europe. Manuscript in brown ink of [20] pp.

    Hold by a vellum string. In the spring of , France lives a short period of peace that will be interrupted by the War of the League of Augsburg launched in September Folowing the orders of Louis XIV, the French fleet has been modernized and powerfully armed to meet the strategic necessities of the time. The conflict about of the Spanish succession pushes the King to maintain a large fleet near Cadiz. This document, signed by the Admiral and dated June 10, , gives all the orders and signals for the gun ship l"Entreprenant", part of the second squadron.

    French naval tactics are at the time in major evolution. The present document bears the mark of modernity brought by Hoste, giving precise and detailed orders of anchorage, battle, signals of day, night, mist, combat, recognition Remarkable remnant of naval tactics, of any scarcity on the market for that time, this type of secret and confidential document to be normally destroyed after use.

    Paris, Bauche, Provenance: Madame Ranville signature. Third edition of this very complete manual of geography on all countries of the world by Jean-Joseph Explilly French priest, author of several historical and geographical works, the Abbe Expilly was Secretary of Embassy of the King of Sicily, examiner and auditor general of the bishopric of Sagona in Corsica and canon treasurer of the chapter of St. Martha of Tarascon. It is after his travels in Europe that he receives many observations on the countries he visited, and draws from them works that were still estimated in the nineteenth century for their details on the climate, manners, the population and the political life of the different countries.

    Fine copy of this reference book on the geographical and cultural differences of all the countries of the globe. London, W. Faden, 1 vol. Provenance: Lord Wardington ex-libris au dos du second plat. Contemporary tree calf. Engraved frontispiece showing the Tower of Cordouan, 39 folding engraved charts of the coast of France, 3 plates of coastal profiles. Third edition of this adaptation of Le petit flambeau de la mer Havre, Colbert afterwards referred the work to M. In preparation for a war with revolutionary France, William Faden re-engraved charts that had appeared in Thomas Jefferys atlas of the same name some thirty years previously.

    Provenance: Lord Wardington ex-libris. An attractive copy, very fresh. Par les soins de M. Le Hay. Le Hay, rue de Grenelle Faubourg St. Germain proche rue de la Chaise. Le Sr. Duchange Graveur du Roi rue St Jacques. Cars, rue Saint Jacques. Avec Prilege du Roy. Cicognara, Contemporary calf. Original edition of both parts.

    Charles de Ferriol, who was the French Ambassador to the Sublime Porte from to , commissioned the plates for this work. The images themselves were engraved after drawings by the Flemish artist Van Mour, an inhabitant of Constantinople at the beginning of the eighteenth century. This important work forms the "basic prototype for Levantine costume plates" Atabey. Nouveau voyage de France, avec un itineraire, et des cartes. Paris, Guillaume Desprez, Contemp calf. Only the monks were rich, or at least, the unlucky ones were thought to be rich: a terrible and dangerous reputation!

    They had to cough up, as we would say now. But how? Consolez-vous, madame. Cela se reproduit encore maintenant. Thief, someone has taken my purse! They were under surveillance of the police: this is why the bohemians were supposed to declare a change of address or of residence, when they went from one place to another.

    A recent law now obliges the nomads, even when they are French citizens, to have their identity cards checked by the mayor and the gendarmes. Naturally, scum and thieves sneaked among the Egyptians, scum and thieves; the complaints of their victims were frequent enough; one sometimes caught these robbers, but it was difficult to find the purses that had been stolen and when they were found on the pavement of the street, they were empty.

    That still happens today. The pilgrims also complained of the goglus. These were not other than pisteurs , the unbearable pisteurs of today. Our current etymologists find, in the word goglu , the Celtic root gog which implies a sense of fraud or deception. However that may be, already in , Thomas Le Roy writes about the crimes of these bad people. He shows how the archdeacon of the Mont blamed several burhers of the town for giving shelter to these gogglues, who brought them pilgrims, and thus also the freedom to stay wherever they wanted.

    See n. In pre-revolutionary France , a police force under the command of the Marshals of France. This deliberation was never emptied , as they say in the palace. Since there was no escaping being eaten, they preferred to be eaten with a Benedictine sauce rather with a royal one; and who will say they were wrong?

    Was Hugo looking for his hat or did he do like the beautiful girls who half-complain when they have thrown their hats above the mills [i. Cette roche superbe. Et sentant sur sa croupe! Elle vous caressa par un muet accueil,. Elle ne le dit pas: je vous le dis pour elle. Strange case! You will find it in manuscript of the Library at the Arsenal in Paris , volume IX, folios Conrart ends his long epistle with this awful tirade:.

    This superb rock. Your beautiful feet have touched it like one touches the grass,. It bends before its invincible pride,. And feeling on its croup! She caresses you with a dumb welcome,. Then, when she sees of your departure the cruel hour,. In her concavities!! She does not tell you: I tell you for her. In the course of the centuries, she was given sisters and, thanks to the generosity of the kings of France, the princes of the Church and devout pilgrims, the Mont-Saint-Michel carillon was one of the best in the world; unfortunately the fire from the skies would destroy the tower and the bells were melted down.

    Among the bells there is one still today with a special mission, to give guidance to poor people lost in the fog? It is called for that reason the bell of the mists. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, she cracked. It was a sort of penitence. One day the lord of that place, who had lots of sins of infidelity weighing on him, clang to the cord that he feverishly rang for such a long time that the bell cracked.

    The religious thought it was a pity; their laments reached to the other side of the Rhine to the abbot who owned the living; he was a German. Tombelaine was, it seems, in prehistory the seat of a college of druidesses, of small virtue, if we are to believe the prudish chroniclers of Mont-Saint-Michel. His corpse was found, a few days later, in Colombel, in Saint-Broladre. Note: Unit ends with what appear to be three ditto signs. Kinane Saint Patrick If the Prophet Jeremias was sanctified, as he was, in his mother's womb, because his heavenly mission was to announce to the world the mysteries and revelations of the [2] Almighty; if St.

    Kinane St. Patrick Pious Reflection. My soul! Patrick Nations were converted, and at the touch of persecution have lost the faith; to-day, after centuries of unparalleled suffering and trials, Erin professes the same holy faith which St. Patrick, nigh fifteen hundred years ago, preached to the Kings at Tara; she professes the same faith as pure and holy as it fell from the divine lips of Jesus Christ Himself. Under God, thanks to the prayers of our glorious Apostle, St.

    Patrick St. Joseph , pray for me, and obtain for me the grace of a happy death. Note: Although cancelled with d above, this unit was not transferred to the draft. Patrick, who was called Socket, was a Briton by birth [ Note: Succoth. The Jewish feast of tents or tabernacles. Martin of Tours, was born in Pannonia , Modern Hungary.

    Patrick the mother of St. Francis of Assisium [ Patrick [describes journey through desert]. Patrick Palladius, entering the land of the Scots [ We agree with those writers, who hold that St. Patrick was born in the year ; taken captive in , in his sixteenth years of his age; returned to his native country in ; and after 38 years spent in study, prayer, penance, and the science of the Saints, under the greatest masters in Christendom, was Consecrated bishop in in the sixtieth year of his age.

    Langan and many learned writers assign for the date of our Saint's birth, and his consecration in , in the 45th year of his age. Patrick [Patrick] was Consecrated bishop in in the sixtieth year of his age. Not found in Kinane St. As a five year old saw it, through the distant fog of the great bay, through the trees of the Garden of Plants in Avranches, where the college boys would frolic; Tiphaine Raguenel, the astrologer of the Mont-Saint-Michel, could have told me, if I had asked for horoscope of her divination arts, that the name of the archangel would often come out of my pen, because I was born on 29 September, the feastday of the Prince of the Heavenly Host; but I am neither so presumptuous nor so superstitious, so I had better explain why I so much like the historical works on the Mont-Saint-Michel.

    For three hundred years, Avranches, where I was born, has been the most active and fecund michelian workshop of all of Normandy. On the presses of its first printer was printed a little manual for the Pilgrim to the Mont, work of Father Feu-Ardent, a Franciscan all aflame with love for mount Tumbe; it was also in the attics of the Central School in this city, just a few steps from the famous school where tradition claims that Anselm and Lanfranc taught, that were hidden, after the pillage of the abbey by the revolutionaries, those famous manuscripts, pride and glory of the City of Books.

    It was their penultimate rest; they lost a few of their leaves that were torn out to have beautiful pictures; or they were sold as vellum. In the end, they were deposited in the library of the city and more or less methodically ordered on shelves close to a gutter, the most humid place in the room. For the last fifteen years they have been occupying a less dangerous and more dignified place. Qui contre la grand mer est rive,.

    Some of the privileged could descend by way of the posterns of the Merveille, but, if one wanted to go up from the shore, it was necessary to scale a steep and wild slope,. That is a shore against the great sea,. You had to climb over the ruins of the stairs that used to go from the fountain of Saint-Aubert, with the conic trunnion, all the way to the low gate of the Montgommeries; you were obliged to push aside the thick brush at the same spot where the 98 Huguenots were buried, killed on the night of 28 and 29 September Our Saint turning towards the four points of the heavens blessed the plains, and the snow disappeared […] The Druid now brought darkness over the plains; but was unable to remove it.

    Patrick prayed to the Lord, and immediately a bright sun dispelled the darkness—second victory over the enemy. Patrick They wondered at the appearance of the clerics, and imagined they were fir-sidhe, or phantoms. They questioned Patrick, 'Whence are you, and whither sic have you come? Is it from the sidhe? Are you gods? Is it under the earth, or on the earth, or in the seas, or in the streams, or in hills, or in valleys?

    Has He sons or daughters? Has He gold and silver? Is there a profusion of every good in His kingdom. Tell us plainly how we shall see Him, and how He is to be loved, and how He is to be found. Is He young or old, or is He ever-living? Is He beautiful, or have many fostered His son, or is His daughter handsome, and dear to men of the world? Patrick, full of the Holy Spirit, responded: 'Our God is the God of all, the God of heaven and earth, the God of the seas and the rivers, the God of the sun and the moon, and of all the other planets; [] the God of the high hills and the low valleys; God over heaven, in heaven, and under heaven ; and He has a mansion— i.

    He inspireth all things, He quickeneth all things, He enkindleth all things; He giveth light to the sun and to the moon. He created fountains in the dry land, and placed dry islands in the sea, and stars to minister to the greater lights. He hath a Son co-eternal and co-equal with Himself; and the Son is not younger than the Father, nor is the Father older than the Son. And the Holy Ghost are not divided. I desire moreover to unite you to the Son of the heavenly King, for ye are daughters of an earthly king.

    Teach us duly that we may see the Lord face to face —teach us, and we will do as you will say to us. Patrick said, 'Do you believe that through baptism the sin of your mother and your father shall be put away from you? And [] Patrick said to them,' You cannot see Christ except that you first taste death, and unless you receive the body of Christ, and His blood. This beautiful passage delineates the faith and zeal of our Saint, as well as the grace and unction attached to his preaching, while on the other hand, it unfolds the beautiful simplicity of the youthful princesses, and the wondrous effect of God's efficacious grace upon their hearts and souls.

    Patrick Whilst our Saint preached and baptized at Cashel, the prince Aengus stood by his side; and the sharp point of the crozier […] pierced his foot from which the blood flowed most copiously; the fervent convert bore the pain in silence; and when St. His saying is so good that with those Gratzachams his cauldron shall be brought back to him.

    Note: See 21 9 a. Patrick God sometimes gives to his great Servants while on earth, a foretaste of the joys of heaven. Hence, we are not surprised that extraordinary, heavenly signs and prodigies are recorded to have taken place at the death of our Saint. On the 17th of March, in the year , at the age of , amid the sweet songs of the Angels, and a supernatural light from heaven, St.

    Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland, breathed forth his pure soul into the hands of his Creator. Note: FW Patrick [St Patrick at Lerins] the night he usually divided into three parts. During the first part he recited a hundred Psalms, making at the same time two hundred genuflections. This entry was later used at FW Note: Not found in Kinane St. Compare the citations at c and g for example. See also 36 a. One of the first pages of this history was written on the gross canvas of the Bayeux Tapestry.

    This is the fragment in which we see Harold and William, both of them passing the sanctuary of the Archangel, before warring against Conan, duke of Brittany. The Mont appears, on the canvas of queen Mathilda, massive and already colossal with Romanesque arcades. It is no longer the culmen contemplationis of the ancient chronicles, we can imagine the fortress. We feel that, caught between hammer and anvil, between Brittany and a Normandy where a duchy will grow into a kingdom, it will undergo countless attacks, receive but also give hard blows. Ce registre a disparu. One of the great monastic builders of the Mont , he shares with Robert the glory of being also its great librarian.

    He bought numerous volumes and in order to classify the hundred of property titles of the monastery in orderly and methodical fashion, he created himself a register that was called Quanandrier or Rented Paper, with another book that was called the White book because of the colour of its cover and in which he had transcribed all the originals of the donations to the abbey. The latter register has disappeared. He is the architect of the Cartulary. The Cartulary is situated in the North-West conrner of the Merveille: it consists of the three small rooms on top of each other: the first alone is vaulted; the cloister, in its western part, leads unto the second floor of this rather small room.

    At the moment the cartulary that tourists do not have access to, forms a museum at the top floor where some objects are assembled that were discovered during the repair works. Note: Muniment room is one of the senses of the French word chartrier cartulary. It can also designate the contents of this room, i. The first I opened turned out to be ancient manuscripts on vellum, of a careful writing and more or less well conserved; some of them had gold and illuminated initials; in a few others this gold had aroused the greed of the idle or of children: it had been cut out by means of a pair of scissors.

    The ordinary writing had tempted nobody and it had suffered no other wounds than those of time. We passed several hours in repairing them and to make an inventory and we found the precious Cartulary which we had feared lost. Note: Cog. To falsify or feign; to flatter; to wheedle. Fiat in Domino! Let it be in the Lord. Perhaps short for Fiat in nomine Domini. Let it be, in the name of the Lord. Fiat, Fiat in Domino. Note: See 53 o. New gods of another origin, social gods, we could say, have taken the most important role. The reason may be that, no more than those of ancient Latium , the gods of Gaul had a clearly defined personality.

    They were conceived as vague spirits, abstract powers of physical phenomena, more or less conventional geniuses of social groups. They had neither face nor body. The brenn who pillaged Delphi laughed a lot, it seems, at the idea that men of marble or bronze could represent the gods of the Greeks. Neither did he understand that one could imagine being able to lock up divinity in the cella of a temple.

    In its very vagueness, the conception that the Gauls had of their gods was vaster vaster and more grandiose than the imagination of the Greeks. Le feu consume le tout. It is there that they decided the common business of the land. After these meetings, general or local, the judge became priest again. For the health of the city or the nation he made solemn sacrifices. Immense wicker mannequins were filled with live men, preferably criminals, but when they did not have any, innocent people.

    The fire killed them all. It was in the oak woods that they had their sanctuaries and they did not do their sacred rites without oak leaves. They believed that the appearance of the mistletoe reveals the presence of the god of the tree on which it grows. When they found it on an oak, they cut it with great ceremonies. They chose the sixth day of the moon because they believed that on that day the star possesses all its vigour and it has not completed half of its journey.

    Under the sacred tree they prepare a banquet and a sacrifice; they bring two white steers whose horns have not yet carried a yoke. A priest in a white robe climbs the tree: with a golden sickle he cuts it and the mistletoe is caught in a white sheet. The druids then kill the victims while asking the god that the mistletoe may bring happiness to all to whom he has given it. Also they confided the education of their children to the druids, even of those not destined to become priests.

    In each city and maybe also in centers away from the cities, the druids led real scholastic establishments. They are the masters who shape the youth of Gaul. The education they give consists of the learning by heart by the pupils of a great number of verses. Aengus divides the Irish Saints into three classes. The first class, extending from the year to , begins with St. Patrick, and numbers Saints, all bishops and founders of Churches.

    Patrick; one Mass; one mode of celebration; one tonsure from ear to ear. The second class, extending from the year to , counts Saints. The third class, extending from the year to , numbers Saints, comprising bishops, priests, and laymen. Patrick [St Aengus] wrote five books on the Saints of Ireland [ In the whole island, sometimes there were only a few bishops, and they concealed in their hiding-places ; the priests, who succeeded to land in Ireland from the Continent, travelled through the country in disguise, preparing the dying, encouraging the living, and not unfrequently sealing their faith in their blood; our Cathedrals were converted into Protestant conventicles, and no church or chapel left through the land.

    Patrick 4: Approbations Owing to continuous absence from home for a lengthened period, I could not acknowledge your kind letter and thank you for your gift earlier. In danger from the sea. Many of them were sick or crippled; that is why, in a quite large circle around Mont-Saint-Michel , hospitals, leproseries and poor houses had been erected. These hospitals, usually administered by clerics, could not shelter all who asked for help. The deplorable hygienic conditions in which the pilgrims live, contaminated the land. Leprosy especially ravaged the land and the leper houses where the unfortunates were treated, for better or worse, were always full.

    Note: It. Note: See j. Les bords de celle ouverture sont un peu amincis, lisses au dehors comme au-dedans. Footnote [1] The head of saint Aubert is preserved still at the basilica of Saint-Gervais in Avranches. Tradition has it that the archangel saint Michael, while appearing to saint Aubert, put his finger in the skull of the the bishop who did listen to his commands.

    This curious relic shows us that the bone of the skull and of the face are still attached. The rims of the opening are a bit thinner, smooth outside as inside. Nothing in the periphery of the opening, neither in the length of the bone, shows the action of an instrument, the application of something biting or corrosive. Everything is mooth as if this opening had been made without violence and a long time befor the death of the subject. We can neither assume that this opening was the result of the application of a trephine of which it does not show the form.

    This miraculous water was sold in bottles to the pilgrims. Je les ai vus bien souvent passer en troupes. Blatter, For the most part these were children of 13 years old. They sang canticles to Saint Michael and before them went a flag with an image of the archangel. I have often seen them pass in groups. These strange movements have been carefully analysed by different authors from beyond the Rhine. Janssen found in these episodes the old habit of the Germans to run across the world, the currendi libido? Currendi libido. Desire to run.

    The ideal lasts only for a time. Archives du Calvados , mai ; Certificats. Archives du Calvados , May ; Certificates. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu Parmi ces poissons, mulets, bars, plies, soles, esturgeons, maquereaux, etc. It has been claimed but we have not been able to find definite proof of the fact that before salmon was so common in the country that domestics in the farms on the Normandy coast forced on their masters when they applied for a position the condition not to have them eat salmon more than three times a week.

    Huynes, destroyed the church: all the bells were molten; the roods of the sleeping quarters and the other dwellings were burned and the coals, which fell on the town, did not leave a single house intact. It seemed impossible to rebuild such a magnificent monastery, burnt five times already, and that it was a clear sign that God did not like such splendid buildings. It carries the arms of the abbey and that of the Benedictines of the Congregation of Saint-Maur.

    Fleming St Patrick viii: The fifth Life, written by Probus, an Irish monk who died in Meyence in the year , is considered to be an amended version of St. Fleming St Patrick Probus states that St. Patrick, after he fled from Ireland , landed at Bordeaux Brotgalum. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu Its tonnage was no more than 50; Kyde had also chartered a whaler of 31 tonnage; these two ships had 13 armed men and 56 archers and sailors. One was called The Trinity; she had been brought from Orwell England by Gautier Dubois; its weight wqs 80, it took 29 sailors in defense and in crew.

    Wichelsea had armed Le George and maybe The Trinity too, with 20 men captain included. Granville had armed a vessel that belonged to Damours le Bouffi; it had a tonnage of 15, with 17 sailors and soldiers on board. Note : Perhaps inspired by the Homeric list of ships of the English fleet on page , on their way to fight the French in , from which the above quotation is taken.

    But see l. Maclovii pardis dat vulnera cancer in vadis. Il contient, en effet. The paragraph ends like this:. Au total une garnison de. Every armed man was accompanied by a page and a courtier; two archers had one servant. So when at a certain date it is claimed that 20 armed men were at Tombelaine, that means the following:. A total garrison of … men. Knox and the Reformation. Note: Knoxite. Presumably a follower of John Knox c. The orthographic shift of the names its frequent when it involves the transcription of foreign names.

    These prisoners were men of renown. Norman Lesley was, we know, one of the most distinguished champions of the Scottish Reformation. In Lesley, at the head of a small group of fifteen men, butchered cardinal Beaton at the castle of Saint Andrew and locked himself in the fortress he had just taken with Knox, the great Scottish reformer. Note: Pelham or Adventures of a Gentleman. Novel by Bulwer Lytton, published See VI. Four years before the Stapleton was jailed, there entered in the prison of the mount, the gazetteer Victor de la Castagne, better known under the name of Dubourg, originally from Espalion.

    The prisoner died voluntarily of hunger on 26 August He had arrived on the Mont in September ; he was detained for a little less than a year and not thirty as some authors have claimed. He was held on the Mont for several years. He was a writer, less famous for his work than for his bad luck. It is true that it was baptized Free Mount and later Villefranche. From to it can be said that The superior administration was plagued by complaints of all kinds. The doctors were ignorant, the chaplain was treated as a monster in soutane, the director was barbaric tyrant and a uniformed Nero.

    Especially the chaplain was vilified. He is known as a greedy man, without faith, bad, false; he is dirty as a comb and uglier than the ugliest of monkeys. He is the one who thought up the iron bars that have turned our cells into iron cages. Note: See o and h. They were no more than latrines or else mass graves. We understand that the besieged could not throw beyond the ramparts the bodies of those who had died inside the Mont , monks or soldiers. They were made to disappear in hidden holes that the political passions had transformed into abominable in pace!

    Note: See l - n. A book or table in which the places of the heavenly bodies and other astronomical matters are tabulated in advance for each day of a certain period; an astronomical almanac see OED. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu Dans ce manuscrit, chaque mois commence par un vers? Il indique les jours funestes de chaque mois. It indicates the unlucky days of each month. Orphreys: gold embroidery, or any rich embroidery.

    To this day tourists, admiring and credulous people, are shown a very beautiful tower, called the Guet Tower. But historical truth does not agree for the excellent reason that the Guet Tower was built under Robert Jolivet, between and It is enough to look at the tower once to recognize the building methods of the fifteenth century.

    But Tiphaine died in Dinan in , i. In any case, to us the date seems very questionable. His name was Geoffroy of Servon, a name based, undoubtedly, on a small parish at approximately three leagues from Mont Saint-Michel which had as its lords the noble lineage of the Foulques Paynel. Note: In VI. Note: See h. The girls from Landerneau. Who smells like thyme and white roses? The girls of Lesneven]. Not found in Myrdhinn. Myrdhinn : Prophetiae desiderantur. Note: This is the single occurrence of the word in the book.

    Prophetiae desiderantur. Prophets are wanted. Myrdhinn trois hommes vraiment saints cherchent Merlin pour le convertir [ He is seated on a black horse, his coat is black, his hair is black, his face is black and he is black all over. Merlin recognised Colombanus, the great doctor of the Irish church ]. Fleming St Patrick St. Patrick in the year moved onward to a place called Druim-Sailech, or the Field of Sallows, but afterwards called Armagh , on account of its eminence. Il accourut. Feeling that she was close to the end, although her fortieth spring had not yet blossomed, she called Geoffroy de Servon to her side.

    He came. Six hours was enough to go from the Mont to Dinan. He consoled her with pious words and these evoked, one can be sure, quite a few memories of Mont Saint-Michel; then the abbot gave lady Duguesclin the last sacraments and the rather mystical soul of the fairy lady escaped from her gentle body and flew away into eternity through the ethereal spaces in which the worlds rotate.

    Two days later, Geoffroy officiated pontifically at the church of Saint-Saviour in Dinan and his voice trembled, surely from emotion, when he gave the last blessing; in the end the convoy went, slowly, towards the convent of the Jacobins and the coffin disappeared soon in the dark caves of the chapel. When he had discarded his priestly vestments, the good abbot certainly lavished consolations on the unfortunate constable.

    These were undoubtedly eloquent and persuasive: a few months later Duguesclin married Jeanne de Laval. Note: See 20 c. Duguesclin married his second wife, Jeanne de Laval, in Ils en furent pour leurs frais. The monks wanted from the bishop the privilege of being able to hear confession of everybody who came to them; they started negotiations with the bishop of Avranches for that purpose and it was during these that they offered him this beautiful fish. It was in vain. So they made a pun on his name: they called him Rodomont. Married to Isabeau de la Tiral who was, after his death, dame of Ducey, he had four boys and four girls.

    He wsa beheaded in , but the sentence of villenage against his children was never executed. His elder son, Gabriel II, married to Suzanne de Boucquetot with whom he had five sons and a daughter, was a terrible enemy of the Mont. We know that he failed to take the abbey-fortresse by guile on the night of 29 and 30 August Any person who was vindictive, unjust, impious or cruel, was immediately likened by the people to Montgommery, so much that one ceased to distinguish between the members of the family.

    No difference was made between Jacques and the two Gabriels. The legend represented him as ceasely roaming the Normandy coast, from Coutances to Pontorson. Not a single castle that he did not visit every month; he tried to spend counterfeit money in Tombelaine; at night he traveled with a horse shod backwards to confuse those who attempted to follow him, he arrested pilgrims who were late; having become the devil himself, as soon as he was on horseback, he martyred poor priests whom he forced to say sacrilegious masses in his parishes of Chasseguay, Cormeray and de Ducey.

    Rien pour les autres, tout pour lui. Note: Cyrographum. Note : L. Litis divisio. The division of a legal argument. See reproduction: there is a zigzagging line between the two words, representing the perforation between the cheque and the stub. It carries thus in itself the proof its mendacity.

    These frauds are not rare; mostly they derive from an excessive love on the part of the monks for their monastery; the older the abbey or the priory, the greater its glory; so the forgers wanted to help the descendants of the donors to regain the goods that had been given by their ancestors. Finally in Hampshire he held from the king one hide and the tithing for the manor of Basinguestoches, today Basingtoke. Note: Hide. Old English measure of land, the equivalent of acres, variously defined as sufficient to support a family, or as much as could be ploughed in one year.

    Pigeon had wanted to place the old Hotel des Monnaies. At the bottom of the hole, carved into the granite, one found two or three metal ingots. The sign this was the name of any object of metal, jewel, figure or medal was worn attached to a beret. Most of the images were molten in slate or Munich stone molds. See h. Note: Breton. The mouth of a river. It is used in geography to designate a narrow valley invaded by the sea.

    The Normans themselves, so proud to have on their marine land the expression was coined by the troubadour Wace the eighth wonder of the world, have long realized that the bay belongs more to the Bretons than to their own province. Note: Gauger, gouger. Dublin slang. A cadger, a chancer, a scoundrel. Today no more smugglers with sacks that contain more subterfuge and malice than salt, powder or tobacco. What do you have there? Du dernier bien.

    Numéros en texte intégral

    One says euphemistically that a man is du dernier bien with a woman to express the fact that he is her lover. It is generally believed that this is the identical bell of the Saint to which allusion is made in the ancient Irish records. Boulogne-sur-Mer St. Fiacc states that the Apostle of Ireland was born at Nemthur—Nemthur, as all commentators agree, is not the name of a town, but of a tower. From the days of Julius Caesar, Portus Ictius, or the harbour of Boulogne , was the port from which the Roman troops sailed to Britain , and the harbour to which they steered on their return.

    The very fact that King Niall made use of this harbour when he raided Armorica in the twenty-seventh year of his reign, makes it likely that he sailed into the same harbour when first invading that country [ Note: See p , c , e. This was the founding act of the Swiss Confederation. Note: This entry is written to the right of k and m. Old Fr. Hart The more common meaning is noose or hanging, but it originally meant a thin branch, hence, in dialect, a whip Fr.

    So this could either be a linguistic note or refer to the two penalties of hanging and whipping. Croix du Fief. Cross of the fief: the name of a square in Saint Malo. Note: Hiberno English. Spy Wednesday. The Wednesday before Easter. Herpin ] [the ancient cross of the Fief, which disappeared during the Revolution. This cross used to stand, outside of the walls and in the port, in a little island of rough stones that served as a pedestal.

    It was a symbol of the jurisdiction of the common lordship of the Bishop and the Chapter of Saint-Malo. Herpin ]. Note: The double cross is also known as the Lorraine cross. Faire venir de tels blocs de granit de si loin! No-one today know their history; no human strength has been able to set them up; only the power of the spirit was able to raise them. So this is what I propose: go and get them, and set them up here in the same order as they are there.

    No more suitable monument can be built to honour our warriors, none will last this long. Hearing Merlin speak like this, the king could not help smiling. To make such blocks of granite travel such a distance! These stones are really mysterious. The water that is poured by the heavens in their cavities closes wounds and gives sight to blind eyes. At their feet grow plants that have thousands of good uses. It has been like this for a long time, ever since the giants who brought these stones from deepest Africa and placed them in a circle in Ireland , just as they had been in their own country.

    The king gave them his brother Uter as their commander; the boats were soon ready and they were seen travelling to Ireland , their sails filled by the wind, and Merlin standing at the bow of the leading ship. Myrdhinn n1: Tu quoque saepe veni, soror, o dilecta [Come you also often, sister, loved one.

    Note: P. Postmaster General. Note: Alternatively, this and the following unit may be associated with the Wireless Broadcasting Inquiry. See the note for e. Post Master General J. Walsh was a key person in the scandal. Note: See. A down bed. Miscellanies At last, after a little hesitation as to whether he should wear cap and gown, which I decided he should, for this time only, not , Lexilogus was ready: and calling out on the staircase to some invisible Bed-maker, that his books should not be meddled with, we ran downstairs.

    I thought Don Quixote had put an end to all that long ago. Yes; and a handsome house withal—unless indeed you think the handsome Soul will fashion that about herself from within—like a shell—which, so far as her Top-storey, where she is supposed chiefly to reside, I think may be the case. So, by the time he had beautified her within, it was too late to re-front her Outside, which had case-hardened , I suppose. Miscellanies Euphranor thought not. No, nor of any young Wordsworth neither under our diviner auspices.

    Miscellanies A Horn-Book gives of Ginger-bread;. And, that the Child may learn the better,. As he can name, he eats the Letter. Note: Hornbook. For, as King Arthur shall bear witness, no young Edwin he, though, as a great Poet, comprehending all the [ ] softer stops of human Emotion in that Register where the Intellectual, no less than. Miscellanies Something to this effect I said, though, were it but for lack of walking breath, at no so long-winded a stretch of eloquence.

    And so we went on, partly in jest, partly in earnest, drawing Philosophers of all kinds into the same net in which we had entangled the Poet and his Critic — How the Moralist who worked alone in his closet was apt to mismeasure Humanity, and be very angry when the cloth he cut out for him would not fit — how the best Histories were written. They agreed with me; and we turn'd homeward. Miscellanies I then inquired about his own reading, which, though not much, was not utterly neglected, it seemed; and he said he had [ ] meant to ask one of us to beat something into his stupid head this summer in Yorkshire.

    Lexilogus, I knew, meant to stop at Cambridge all the long Vacation; but Euphranor said he should be at home, for anything he then knew, and they could talk the matter over when the time came. We then again fell to talking of our County; and among other things I asked Phidippus if his horse were Yorkshire , of old famous for its breed, as well as of Riders, and how long he had had her, and so forth. Note: Plaister. Well, so I am fitted, — as Lycion is to be [ ] with one who can Valse through life with him.

    This has been written sideways in the right margin. I think I have observed they have grave, taciturn faces, especially when old, which they soon get to look. Is this from much wasting, to carry little Flesh — and large — Responsibility? JJA II. Durum et durum non faciunt murum. Hard and hard i. Miscellanies … took his degree in , at Trinity College Cambridge; a year after was ordained deacon, and entered on the curacy of Allington in Lincolnshire, where he continued till , when he went to reside at Trowbridge, in Wiltshire, to which Rectory his father had just been presented by the Duke of Rutland.

    Miscellanies His Father dying, and carrying with him what pension he had from Mr. Et le temps. And the time. Fair violet! Answer us—Whither art thou gone? Ever thou wert so still, and faint,. And fearing to be look'd upon. We cannot say that one hath died,. Who wont to live so unespied,. But crept away unto a stiller spot,.

    Where men may stir the grass, and find thee not. Note: Hypped. Affected with hypochondria, depressed. Miscellanies I have no very acute pain, a skeely doctor, a good nurse, kind solicitous friends, a remission of the worst pain of my desk hours—so why should I fret? Note: Skeely. Skilled, skilful. The word survives chiefly in Scottish and Northern dialect. A young man, especially a fashionable one.

    A child. Miscellanies But nowhere was he more amiable than is some of those humbler meetings — about the fire in the keeping-room at Christmas, or under the walnut tree in summer. Note: Keeping-room. A sitting-room or parlour. Miscellanies He was content with a poem so long as it was good in the main, without minding those smaller beauties which go to make up perfection — content with a letter that told of health and goodwill, with very little other news — and content with a friend who had the average virtues and accomplishments of men, without being the faultless monster which the world never saw, but so many are half their lives looking for.

    Apocryphal New Testament [Jesus] turned to the apostles — to me Peter and John — and said that Mary should appear to them again. I will bring her unto you arrayed in this body. Apocryphal New Testament But [the Jews] being yet more inflamed in spirit went unto the governor, crying out and saying: The nation of the Jews is destroyed because of this woman [the Virgin Mary]: drive thou her away from Bethlehem and from the province of Jerusalem. But the governor was astonied at the wonders and said unto them: I will not drive her out from Bethlehem nor from any other place.

    Apocryphal New Testament And it came to pass after that sound that the sun and the moon appeared about the house, and an assembly of the first-begotten saints came unto the house where the mother of the Lord lay, for her honour and glory. And I saw many signs come to pass, blind receiving sight, deaf hearing, lame walking, lepers cleansed, and them that were possessed of unclean spirits healed.

    And every one that was under any sickness or disease came and touched the wall where she lay, and cried: Holy Mary, thou didst bear Christ our God, have mercy on us. And forthwith they were cured. C prefers John. Apocryphal New Testament When therefore the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ for the life of the whole world hung on the tree of the cross pierced with nails, he saw standing beside the cross his mother and John the evangelist, whom he more especially loved beyond the other apostles because he alone of them was a virgin in body.

    Unto him therefore he committed the charge of the holy Mary, saying to him: Behold thy mother; and to her: Behold thy son. From that hour the holy mother of God continued in the especial care of John so long as she endured the sojourn of this life. And when the apostles had taken the world by their lots for preaching, she abode in the house of his parents beside the Mount of Olivet. Apocryphal New Testament And Paul came with them who was turned from the circumcision and taken with Barnabas to minister to the Gentiles.

    And when there arose among them a godly contention, which of them should first pray the Lord to show them the cause of their coming , and Peter exhorted Paul to pray first, Paul answered, saying: That is thine office, to begin first, since thou wast chosen of God to be a pillar of the church, and thou art before all in the apostleship: but me it befits not all all, for I am the least of all of you, and Christ was seen of me as of one born out of due time, neither presume I to even myself with you; yet by the grace of God I am what I am. Apocryphal New Testament And he came near and kissed the bed, and forthwith all pain left him and his hands were made whole.

    Then began he to bless God greatly and to speak out of the books of Moses testimonies unto the praise of Christ, so that even the apostles themselves marvelled and wept for gladness, praising the name of the Lord. But Peter said to him: Take this palm at the hand of our brother John, and go into the city and thou wilt find much people blinded; and declare unto them the mighty works of God, and whosoever believeth on the Lord Jesus Christ, lay this palm upon their eyes and they shall see: but whoso believe not shall continue blind.

    P asks to be 13 th judge. Apocryphal New Testament All the disciples except Thomas now arrived on clouds, and greeted her. Apocryphal New Testament On the Sunday at the third hour Christ came down with a host of angels and took the soul of his mother. Such was the light and fragrance that all fell on their faces as at Mount Tabor and none could rise for an hour and a half.

    And the girdle with which the apostles had girt the body was thrown down to him; he took it and went to the valley of Josaphat. The girdle is the great relic of Prato ; and the prominence given to this incident is another indication that we have here a mediaeval Italian composition, not earlier, I imagine, than the thirteenth century. Note: Chiliarch. The commander of a thousand men. He sent a chiliarch to Bethlehem with thirty men. The Spirit told the apostles to take Mary to Jerusalem.

    Meanwhile the chiliarch found nothing at Bethlehem , and the priests said this was due to magic. Apocryphal New Testament The apostles then asked the Lord to show them the place of torment, reminding him of his promise that on the day of the departure of Mary they should see it. They were all taken on a cloud to the west. The Lord spoke to the angels of the pit, and the earth sprang upwards and they saw the pit.

    Mary and the apostles fell down and interceded for them. Michael spoke to them, telling them that at all the twelve hours of the day and of the night the angels intercede for creation. The angel of the waters intercedes for the waters. Here the fragment ends. Seymour has elaborated the thesis, that this visit of the apostles to Hell was known in Ireland at an early date, and that the Irish form must be derived somehow from this Syriac text. Koant: Joli ou jolie.

    Kaer: Beau ou belle. Dogen: Cocu ou cocue. The word that falls on the last spike indicates the quality of the person that one will marry. Koant: Pretty. Kaer: Beautiful. Friponn: Mischievous. Dogen: Cheated. This is a small construction in the middle of which there is a wooden statue of the saint.

    Young girls who want to marry that year come and stick a pin in the nose of the saint. Note: During the first world war there were wooden statues of Paul von Hindenburg all over Germany and people would nail money to them for war bonds. Note: In Hiiberno-English, a pattern is the feast-day of a patron saint. As soon as the young girl agrees, the young gallant carries her umbrella and brings it to her; he does not take her arm unless he knows her very well.

    Note: 1. May 1. When a young man has really decided to marry a young girl, he goes to the house where she lives, late one night, aroun d eleven, when everybody is asleep. The young man is accompanied by his father, or, when the latter is dead, by his closest relative. They knock at the door and say their names and then all the inhabitants of the house get dressed again and the door is opened for them. Without having to tell him explicitly, they make it clear that his request has not been granted.

    Of a jilted lover it is often said: He was served milk soup. When the rejection has to do with a preference of either the parents or the girl for another young man, the friends of the latter like to go out at night and hang near his house or not far from it a quite visible bouquet of flowers, a piece of cloth or a newspaper, which is called garlantez garland.

    The passers-by seeing the garlantez will laugh at the rejected suitor, so he will immediately take it away when he sees it; but sometimes the friends of the rival have a more durable way of making known the misadventure to the passers-by: they sow barley chaff elez before the house or on the road that leads to it; it is impossible to remove the thousands of flakes from the soil and thus to hide the sign of the rejection of the young man of the house.

    This is called lakaat an hano to give the name. It is interesting that only married women wear these mourning robes. MS bv, LPA: for the betterment of your mind. The meal is served on the ground between two rows of ladders. Revue des Traditions Populaires Farces pendant le repas. An Drezen. At the end of dinner, a plate on which there are bones is passed round. It is covered with a napkin. Everyone will contribute; the total is announced by the holder of the plate who always doubles the amount. Revue des Traditions Populaires A Guerleskin, si une veuve se remarie, pendant toute la nuit de ses noces, les voisins lui font un charivari en frappant sur des chaudrons.

    Businessimmo.eu

    If she is divorced, the noise may last up to eight nights in a row. To the left, Lower Brittany , on the right, Upper Brittany. He makes the claim with assurance, but with a vague sense of inferiority in terms of being a breton, of not having preserved the language still spoken by his brothers in Lower Brittany. Revue de Bretagne Il y a encore en Haute-Bretagne quelques pardons. Waltzes and mazurkas, although becoming more popular, have not yet replaced them, because they are quite dull compared to the local dances that are full of movement, danced to the accompaniment of an accordion or, most often, a singing voice.

    In my father registered tales in the land of Gallo , and in the Breton speaking lands. They were a lot less costly than the caps in lace we see nowadays, they could be washed and, as a good lady of the Gallo region told me, if they needed ironing, you could just sit on them. It must be built solidly. Wooden fellow. Note: Possibly a Battenberg cake, which is an oblong cake covered with almond paste, usually in two alternating colours of sponge, so that each cross-section shows a checkerwork pattern.

    Le vin, dont la couleur rappelle le sang, tachait, comme lui, le bois d'une empreinte pourpre Biscuit et bouteille de vin,. Fais que sur mon bateau ne manque jamais le pain. The newly baptized has, like the child, a godmother and godfather. Around Paimpol the priest, with the help of the sexton and the choir sings the Te Deum , while godfather and godmother engage in a strange and probably very old practice:.

    Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition) Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition)
    Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition) Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition)
    Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition) Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition)
    Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition) Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition)
    Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition) Sur les terres du loup : Série La communauté de la nuit, vol. 5 (French Edition)

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